Animation和Animator流程分析

  1. 1. Animation
    1. 1.1. 流程总结
  2. 2. Animator
    1. 2.1. 流程总结

分析版本:android-23

Animation 和 Animator 是 Android 上实现动画的两种不同方式,本文是对这两种动画进行流程上的解析,其分析方向主要是 Listener 是怎么回调的,是怎么不断的调用自己的,是间隔多少时间调用自己的。

Animation

从 startAnimation 开始:

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mView.startAnimation(animation);

进入到 View 里面:

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public class View implements Drawable.Callback, KeyEvent.Callback, AccessibilityEventSource {

public void startAnimation(Animation animation) {
animation.setStartTime(Animation.START_ON_FIRST_FRAME);//START_ON_FIRST_FRAME == -1
setAnimation(animation);
invalidateParentCaches();
invalidate(true);
}

protected Animation mCurrentAnimation = null;

public void setAnimation(Animation animation) {
mCurrentAnimation = animation;

if (animation != null) {
// If the screen is off assume the animation start time is now instead of
// the next frame we draw. Keeping the START_ON_FIRST_FRAME start time
// would cause the animation to start when the screen turns back on
if (mAttachInfo != null && mAttachInfo.mDisplayState == Display.STATE_OFF
&& animation.getStartTime() == Animation.START_ON_FIRST_FRAME) {//START_ON_FIRST_FRAME == -1
animation.setStartTime(AnimationUtils.currentAnimationTimeMillis());
}
animation.reset();
}
}

protected void invalidateParentCaches() {
if (mParent instanceof View) {
((View) mParent).mPrivateFlags |= PFLAG_INVALIDATED;
}
}

void invalidate(boolean invalidateCache) {
invalidateInternal(0, 0, mRight - mLeft, mBottom - mTop, invalidateCache, true);
}
}

设置 Animation 变量并设置时间等,刷新父视图绘画缓存,刷新自己:

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public class View implements Drawable.Callback, KeyEvent.Callback, AccessibilityEventSource {
void invalidateInternal(int l, int t, int r, int b, boolean invalidateCache,
boolean fullInvalidate)
{

if (mGhostView != null) {
mGhostView.invalidate(true);
return;
}

if (skipInvalidate()) {
return;
}

if ((mPrivateFlags & (PFLAG_DRAWN | PFLAG_HAS_BOUNDS)) == (PFLAG_DRAWN | PFLAG_HAS_BOUNDS)
|| (invalidateCache && (mPrivateFlags & PFLAG_DRAWING_CACHE_VALID) == PFLAG_DRAWING_CACHE_VALID)
|| (mPrivateFlags & PFLAG_INVALIDATED) != PFLAG_INVALIDATED
|| (fullInvalidate && isOpaque() != mLastIsOpaque)) {
if (fullInvalidate) {
mLastIsOpaque = isOpaque();
mPrivateFlags &= ~PFLAG_DRAWN;
}

mPrivateFlags |= PFLAG_DIRTY;

if (invalidateCache) {
mPrivateFlags |= PFLAG_INVALIDATED;
mPrivateFlags &= ~PFLAG_DRAWING_CACHE_VALID;
}

// Propagate the damage rectangle to the parent view.
final AttachInfo ai = mAttachInfo;
final ViewParent p = mParent;
if (p != null && ai != null && l < r && t < b) {
final Rect damage = ai.mTmpInvalRect;
damage.set(l, t, r, b);
p.invalidateChild(this, damage);//主要是这里
}

// Damage the entire projection receiver, if necessary.
if (mBackground != null && mBackground.isProjected()) {
final View receiver = getProjectionReceiver();
if (receiver != null) {
receiver.damageInParent();
}
}

// Damage the entire IsolatedZVolume receiving this view's shadow.
if (isHardwareAccelerated() && getZ() != 0) {
damageShadowReceiver();
}
}
}
}

上面最重要的是 p.invalidateChild(this, damage); 那么进入到 ViewGroup 中:

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public abstract class ViewGroup extends View implements ViewParent, ViewManager {

public final void invalidateChild(View child, final Rect dirty) {
ViewParent parent = this;

final AttachInfo attachInfo = mAttachInfo;
if (attachInfo != null) {
// If the child is drawing an animation, we want to copy this flag onto
// ourselves and the parent to make sure the invalidate request goes
// through
final boolean drawAnimation = (child.mPrivateFlags & PFLAG_DRAW_ANIMATION)
== PFLAG_DRAW_ANIMATION;

// Check whether the child that requests the invalidate is fully opaque
// Views being animated or transformed are not considered opaque because we may
// be invalidating their old position and need the parent to paint behind them.
Matrix childMatrix = child.getMatrix();
final boolean isOpaque = child.isOpaque() && !drawAnimation &&
child.getAnimation() == null && childMatrix.isIdentity();
// Mark the child as dirty, using the appropriate flag
// Make sure we do not set both flags at the same time
int opaqueFlag = isOpaque ? PFLAG_DIRTY_OPAQUE : PFLAG_DIRTY;

if (child.mLayerType != LAYER_TYPE_NONE) {
mPrivateFlags |= PFLAG_INVALIDATED;
mPrivateFlags &= ~PFLAG_DRAWING_CACHE_VALID;
}

final int[] location = attachInfo.mInvalidateChildLocation;
location[CHILD_LEFT_INDEX] = child.mLeft;
location[CHILD_TOP_INDEX] = child.mTop;
if (!childMatrix.isIdentity() ||
(mGroupFlags & ViewGroup.FLAG_SUPPORT_STATIC_TRANSFORMATIONS) != 0) {
RectF boundingRect = attachInfo.mTmpTransformRect;
boundingRect.set(dirty);
Matrix transformMatrix;
if ((mGroupFlags & ViewGroup.FLAG_SUPPORT_STATIC_TRANSFORMATIONS) != 0) {
Transformation t = attachInfo.mTmpTransformation;
boolean transformed = getChildStaticTransformation(child, t);
if (transformed) {
transformMatrix = attachInfo.mTmpMatrix;
transformMatrix.set(t.getMatrix());
if (!childMatrix.isIdentity()) {
transformMatrix.preConcat(childMatrix);
}
} else {
transformMatrix = childMatrix;
}
} else {
transformMatrix = childMatrix;
}
transformMatrix.mapRect(boundingRect);
dirty.set((int) (boundingRect.left - 0.5f),
(int) (boundingRect.top - 0.5f),
(int) (boundingRect.right + 0.5f),
(int) (boundingRect.bottom + 0.5f));
}

do {
View view = null;
if (parent instanceof View) {
view = (View) parent;
}

if (drawAnimation) {//设置Animation标志参数
if (view != null) {
view.mPrivateFlags |= PFLAG_DRAW_ANIMATION;
} else if (parent instanceof ViewRootImpl) {
((ViewRootImpl) parent).mIsAnimating = true;
}
}

// If the parent is dirty opaque or not dirty, mark it dirty with the opaque
// flag coming from the child that initiated the invalidate
if (view != null) {
if ((view.mViewFlags & FADING_EDGE_MASK) != 0 &&
view.getSolidColor() == 0) {
opaqueFlag = PFLAG_DIRTY;
}
if ((view.mPrivateFlags & PFLAG_DIRTY_MASK) != PFLAG_DIRTY) {
view.mPrivateFlags = (view.mPrivateFlags & ~PFLAG_DIRTY_MASK) | opaqueFlag;
}
}

parent = parent.invalidateChildInParent(location, dirty);
if (view != null) {
// Account for transform on current parent
Matrix m = view.getMatrix();
if (!m.isIdentity()) {
RectF boundingRect = attachInfo.mTmpTransformRect;
boundingRect.set(dirty);
m.mapRect(boundingRect);
dirty.set((int) (boundingRect.left - 0.5f),
(int) (boundingRect.top - 0.5f),
(int) (boundingRect.right + 0.5f),
(int) (boundingRect.bottom + 0.5f));
}
}
} while (parent != null);
}
}
}

通过 parent = parent.invalidateChildInParent(location, dirty); 进入到 ViewRootImpl 中:

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public final class ViewRootImpl implements ViewParent, View.AttachInfo.Callbacks, HardwareRenderer.HardwareDrawCallbacks {
@Override
public ViewParent invalidateChildInParent(int[] location, Rect dirty) {
checkThread();
if (DEBUG_DRAW) Log.v(TAG, "Invalidate child: " + dirty);

if (dirty == null) {//视图没脏
invalidate();
return null;
} else if (dirty.isEmpty() && !mIsAnimating) {//不是动画的操作
return null;
}

if (mCurScrollY != 0 || mTranslator != null) {
mTempRect.set(dirty);
dirty = mTempRect;
if (mCurScrollY != 0) {
dirty.offset(0, -mCurScrollY);
}
if (mTranslator != null) {
mTranslator.translateRectInAppWindowToScreen(dirty);
}
if (mAttachInfo.mScalingRequired) {
dirty.inset(-1, -1);
}
}

invalidateRectOnScreen(dirty);//主要是这里

return null;
}

private void invalidateRectOnScreen(Rect dirty) {
final Rect localDirty = mDirty;
if (!localDirty.isEmpty() && !localDirty.contains(dirty)) {
mAttachInfo.mSetIgnoreDirtyState = true;
mAttachInfo.mIgnoreDirtyState = true;
}

// Add the new dirty rect to the current one
localDirty.union(dirty.left, dirty.top, dirty.right, dirty.bottom);
// Intersect with the bounds of the window to skip
// updates that lie outside of the visible region
final float appScale = mAttachInfo.mApplicationScale;
final boolean intersected = localDirty.intersect(0, 0,
(int) (mWidth * appScale + 0.5f), (int) (mHeight * appScale + 0.5f));
if (!intersected) {
localDirty.setEmpty();
}
if (!mWillDrawSoon && (intersected || mIsAnimating)) {
scheduleTraversals();//主要是这里
}
}

void scheduleTraversals() {
if (!mTraversalScheduled) {
mTraversalScheduled = true;
mTraversalBarrier = mHandler.getLooper().getQueue().postSyncBarrier();//阻塞的Barrier,『同步分割栏』
mChoreographer.postCallback(
Choreographer.CALLBACK_TRAVERSAL, mTraversalRunnable, null);//记住CALLBACK_TRAVERSAL
if (!mUnbufferedInputDispatch) {
scheduleConsumeBatchedInput();
}
notifyRendererOfFramePending();
pokeDrawLockIfNeeded();
}
}
}

先记住比较重要的信息,Choreographer.CALLBACK_TRAVERSAL,然后比较重要的 Choreographer 来了:

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public final class Choreographer {
// Enable/disable vsync for animations and drawing.
private static final boolean USE_VSYNC = SystemProperties.getBoolean(
"debug.choreographer.vsync", true);

// The display event receiver can only be accessed by the looper thread to which
// it is attached. We take care to ensure that we post message to the looper
// if appropriate when interacting with the display event receiver.
private final FrameDisplayEventReceiver mDisplayEventReceiver;

/**
* Posts a callback to run on the next frame.
* <p>
* The callback runs once then is automatically removed.
* </p>
*
* @param callbackType The callback type.
* @param action The callback action to run during the next frame.
* @param token The callback token, or null if none.
*
* @see #removeCallbacks
* @hide
*/

public void postCallback(int callbackType, Runnable action, Object token) {
postCallbackDelayed(callbackType, action, token, 0);
}

/**
* Posts a callback to run on the next frame after the specified delay.
* <p>
* The callback runs once then is automatically removed.
* </p>
*
* @param callbackType The callback type.
* @param action The callback action to run during the next frame after the specified delay.
* @param token The callback token, or null if none.
* @param delayMillis The delay time in milliseconds.
*
* @see #removeCallback
* @hide
*/

public void postCallbackDelayed(int callbackType,
Runnable action, Object token, long delayMillis)
{

if (action == null) {
throw new IllegalArgumentException("action must not be null");
}
if (callbackType < 0 || callbackType > CALLBACK_LAST) {
throw new IllegalArgumentException("callbackType is invalid");
}

postCallbackDelayedInternal(callbackType, action, token, delayMillis);
}

private void postCallbackDelayedInternal(int callbackType,
Object action, Object token, long delayMillis)
{

if (DEBUG_FRAMES) {
Log.d(TAG, "PostCallback: type=" + callbackType
+ ", action=" + action + ", token=" + token
+ ", delayMillis=" + delayMillis);
}

synchronized (mLock) {
final long now = SystemClock.uptimeMillis();
final long dueTime = now + delayMillis;
mCallbackQueues[callbackType].addCallbackLocked(dueTime, action, token);//将Runnable封装后放到mCallbackQueues中

if (dueTime <= now) {
scheduleFrameLocked(now);
} else {
Message msg = mHandler.obtainMessage(MSG_DO_SCHEDULE_CALLBACK, action);
msg.arg1 = callbackType;
msg.setAsynchronous(true);
mHandler.sendMessageAtTime(msg, dueTime);
}
}
}

private void scheduleFrameLocked(long now) {
if (!mFrameScheduled) {
mFrameScheduled = true;
if (USE_VSYNC) {//使用SYNC信号形式
if (DEBUG_FRAMES) {
Log.d(TAG, "Scheduling next frame on vsync.");
}

// If running on the Looper thread, then schedule the vsync immediately,
// otherwise post a message to schedule the vsync from the UI thread
// as soon as possible.
if (isRunningOnLooperThreadLocked()) {//true
scheduleVsyncLocked();
} else {
Message msg = mHandler.obtainMessage(MSG_DO_SCHEDULE_VSYNC);
msg.setAsynchronous(true);
mHandler.sendMessageAtFrontOfQueue(msg);
}
} else {
final long nextFrameTime = Math.max(
mLastFrameTimeNanos / TimeUtils.NANOS_PER_MS + sFrameDelay, now);
if (DEBUG_FRAMES) {
Log.d(TAG, "Scheduling next frame in " + (nextFrameTime - now) + " ms.");
}
Message msg = mHandler.obtainMessage(MSG_DO_FRAME);
msg.setAsynchronous(true);
mHandler.sendMessageAtTime(msg, nextFrameTime);
}
}
}

private boolean isRunningOnLooperThreadLocked() {
return Looper.myLooper() == mLooper;
}

private void scheduleVsyncLocked() {
mDisplayEventReceiver.scheduleVsync();
}
}

最终调用 scheduleVsyncLocke() 方法,而这个方法里面是通过 mDisplayEventReceiver 调用 scheduleVsync(),该方法最终执行的是一个 native 方法,当 SYNC 信号返回时候,会回调 DisplayEventReceiver#onVsync(timestampNanos, builtInDisplayId, frame):

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public final class Choreographer {
private final class FrameDisplayEventReceiver extends DisplayEventReceiver
implements Runnable {

private boolean mHavePendingVsync;
private long mTimestampNanos;
private int mFrame;

public FrameDisplayEventReceiver(Looper looper) {
super(looper);
}

@Override
public void onVsync(long timestampNanos, int builtInDisplayId, int frame) {
// Ignore vsync from secondary display.
// This can be problematic because the call to scheduleVsync() is a one-shot.
// We need to ensure that we will still receive the vsync from the primary
// display which is the one we really care about. Ideally we should schedule
// vsync for a particular display.
// At this time Surface Flinger won't send us vsyncs for secondary displays
// but that could change in the future so let's log a message to help us remember
// that we need to fix this.
if (builtInDisplayId != SurfaceControl.BUILT_IN_DISPLAY_ID_MAIN) {
Log.d(TAG, "Received vsync from secondary display, but we don't support "
+ "this case yet. Choreographer needs a way to explicitly request "
+ "vsync for a specific display to ensure it doesn't lose track "
+ "of its scheduled vsync.");
scheduleVsync();
return;
}

// Post the vsync event to the Handler.
// The idea is to prevent incoming vsync events from completely starving
// the message queue. If there are no messages in the queue with timestamps
// earlier than the frame time, then the vsync event will be processed immediately.
// Otherwise, messages that predate the vsync event will be handled first.
long now = System.nanoTime();
if (timestampNanos > now) {
Log.w(TAG, "Frame time is " + ((timestampNanos - now) * 0.000001f)
+ " ms in the future! Check that graphics HAL is generating vsync "
+ "timestamps using the correct timebase.");
timestampNanos = now;
}

if (mHavePendingVsync) {
Log.w(TAG, "Already have a pending vsync event. There should only be "
+ "one at a time.");
} else {
mHavePendingVsync = true;
}

mTimestampNanos = timestampNanos;
mFrame = frame;
Message msg = Message.obtain(mHandler, this);//第二个参数是Runnable
msg.setAsynchronous(true);
mHandler.sendMessageAtTime(msg, timestampNanos / TimeUtils.NANOS_PER_MS);
}

@Override
public void run() {
mHavePendingVsync = false;
doFrame(mTimestampNanos, mFrame);
}
}
}

通过 Handler 发送一个异步的消息,然后就自己的 run() 方法中,执行 doFrame():

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public final class Choreographer {
void doFrame(long frameTimeNanos, int frame) {
final long startNanos;
synchronized (mLock) {
if (!mFrameScheduled) {
return; // no work to do
}

if (DEBUG_JANK && mDebugPrintNextFrameTimeDelta) {
mDebugPrintNextFrameTimeDelta = false;
Log.d(TAG, "Frame time delta: "
+ ((frameTimeNanos - mLastFrameTimeNanos) * 0.000001f) + " ms");
}

long intendedFrameTimeNanos = frameTimeNanos;
startNanos = System.nanoTime();
final long jitterNanos = startNanos - frameTimeNanos;
if (jitterNanos >= mFrameIntervalNanos) {
final long skippedFrames = jitterNanos / mFrameIntervalNanos;
if (skippedFrames >= SKIPPED_FRAME_WARNING_LIMIT) {
Log.i(TAG, "Skipped " + skippedFrames + " frames! "
+ "The application may be doing too much work on its main thread.");
}
final long lastFrameOffset = jitterNanos % mFrameIntervalNanos;
if (DEBUG_JANK) {
Log.d(TAG, "Missed vsync by " + (jitterNanos * 0.000001f) + " ms "
+ "which is more than the frame interval of "
+ (mFrameIntervalNanos * 0.000001f) + " ms! "
+ "Skipping " + skippedFrames + " frames and setting frame "
+ "time to " + (lastFrameOffset * 0.000001f) + " ms in the past.");
}
frameTimeNanos = startNanos - lastFrameOffset;
}

if (frameTimeNanos < mLastFrameTimeNanos) {
if (DEBUG_JANK) {
Log.d(TAG, "Frame time appears to be going backwards. May be due to a "
+ "previously skipped frame. Waiting for next vsync.");
}
scheduleVsyncLocked();
return;
}

mFrameInfo.setVsync(intendedFrameTimeNanos, frameTimeNanos);
mFrameScheduled = false;
mLastFrameTimeNanos = frameTimeNanos;
}

try {
Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_VIEW, "Choreographer#doFrame");

mFrameInfo.markInputHandlingStart();
doCallbacks(Choreographer.CALLBACK_INPUT, frameTimeNanos);//输入

mFrameInfo.markAnimationsStart();
doCallbacks(Choreographer.CALLBACK_ANIMATION, frameTimeNanos);//动画

mFrameInfo.markPerformTraversalsStart();
doCallbacks(Choreographer.CALLBACK_TRAVERSAL, frameTimeNanos);//主要关心这个

doCallbacks(Choreographer.CALLBACK_COMMIT, frameTimeNanos);
} finally {
Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_VIEW);
}

if (DEBUG_FRAMES) {
final long endNanos = System.nanoTime();
Log.d(TAG, "Frame " + frame + ": Finished, took "
+ (endNanos - startNanos) * 0.000001f + " ms, latency "
+ (startNanos - frameTimeNanos) * 0.000001f + " ms.");
}
}

void doCallbacks(int callbackType, long frameTimeNanos) {
CallbackRecord callbacks;
synchronized (mLock) {
// We use "now" to determine when callbacks become due because it's possible
// for earlier processing phases in a frame to post callbacks that should run
// in a following phase, such as an input event that causes an animation to start.
final long now = System.nanoTime();
callbacks = mCallbackQueues[callbackType].extractDueCallbacksLocked(
now / TimeUtils.NANOS_PER_MS);//拿到之前传入的runnable,在该方法中还处理了丢帧的情况
if (callbacks == null) {
return;
}
mCallbacksRunning = true;

// Update the frame time if necessary when committing the frame.
// We only update the frame time if we are more than 2 frames late reaching
// the commit phase. This ensures that the frame time which is observed by the
// callbacks will always increase from one frame to the next and never repeat.
// We never want the next frame's starting frame time to end up being less than
// or equal to the previous frame's commit frame time. Keep in mind that the
// next frame has most likely already been scheduled by now so we play it
// safe by ensuring the commit time is always at least one frame behind.
if (callbackType == Choreographer.CALLBACK_COMMIT) {
final long jitterNanos = now - frameTimeNanos;
Trace.traceCounter(Trace.TRACE_TAG_VIEW, "jitterNanos", (int) jitterNanos);
if (jitterNanos >= 2 * mFrameIntervalNanos) {
final long lastFrameOffset = jitterNanos % mFrameIntervalNanos
+ mFrameIntervalNanos;
if (DEBUG_JANK) {
Log.d(TAG, "Commit callback delayed by " + (jitterNanos * 0.000001f)
+ " ms which is more than twice the frame interval of "
+ (mFrameIntervalNanos * 0.000001f) + " ms! "
+ "Setting frame time to " + (lastFrameOffset * 0.000001f)
+ " ms in the past.");
mDebugPrintNextFrameTimeDelta = true;
}
frameTimeNanos = now - lastFrameOffset;
mLastFrameTimeNanos = frameTimeNanos;
}
}
}
try {
Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_VIEW, CALLBACK_TRACE_TITLES[callbackType]);
for (CallbackRecord c = callbacks; c != null; c = c.next) {
if (DEBUG_FRAMES) {
Log.d(TAG, "RunCallback: type=" + callbackType
+ ", action=" + c.action + ", token=" + c.token
+ ", latencyMillis=" + (SystemClock.uptimeMillis() - c.dueTime));
}
c.run(frameTimeNanos);//执行run方法
}
} finally {
synchronized (mLock) {
mCallbacksRunning = false;
do {
final CallbackRecord next = callbacks.next;
recycleCallbackLocked(callbacks);//回收
callbacks = next;
} while (callbacks != null);
}
Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_VIEW);
}
}
}

c.run(frameTimeNanos) 中执行了之前通过 Choreographer 传送的 Runnable,回到 ViewRootImpl :

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public final class ViewRootImpl implements ViewParent, View.AttachInfo.Callbacks, HardwareRenderer.HardwareDrawCallbacks {
final class TraversalRunnable implements Runnable {
@Override
public void run() {
doTraversal();
}
}
final TraversalRunnable mTraversalRunnable = new TraversalRunnable();

void doTraversal() {
if (mTraversalScheduled) {
mTraversalScheduled = false;
mHandler.getLooper().getQueue().removeSyncBarrier(mTraversalBarrier);//取消阻塞

if (mProfile) {
Debug.startMethodTracing("ViewAncestor");
}

performTraversals();//View的measue,layout,draw的开始的地方

if (mProfile) {
Debug.stopMethodTracing();
mProfile = false;
}
}
}
}

直接看 ViewGroup 的 View.draw(Canvas, ViewGroup, long):

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public abstract class ViewGroup extends View implements ViewParent, ViewManager {
/**
* {@inheritDoc}
*/

@Override
protected void dispatchDraw(Canvas canvas) {
boolean usingRenderNodeProperties = canvas.isRecordingFor(mRenderNode);
final int childrenCount = mChildrenCount;
final View[] children = mChildren;
int flags = mGroupFlags;
//动画开始
if ((flags & FLAG_RUN_ANIMATION) != 0 && canAnimate()) {
final boolean buildCache = !isHardwareAccelerated();
for (int i = 0; i < childrenCount; i++) {
final View child = children[i];
if ((child.mViewFlags & VISIBILITY_MASK) == VISIBLE) {
final LayoutParams params = child.getLayoutParams();
attachLayoutAnimationParameters(child, params, i, childrenCount);
bindLayoutAnimation(child);
}
}

final LayoutAnimationController controller = mLayoutAnimationController;
if (controller.willOverlap()) {
mGroupFlags |= FLAG_OPTIMIZE_INVALIDATE;
}

controller.start();

mGroupFlags &= ~FLAG_RUN_ANIMATION;
mGroupFlags &= ~FLAG_ANIMATION_DONE;

if (mAnimationListener != null) {
mAnimationListener.onAnimationStart(controller.getAnimation());
}
}

int clipSaveCount = 0;
final boolean clipToPadding = (flags & CLIP_TO_PADDING_MASK) == CLIP_TO_PADDING_MASK;
if (clipToPadding) {
clipSaveCount = canvas.save();
canvas.clipRect(mScrollX + mPaddingLeft, mScrollY + mPaddingTop,
mScrollX + mRight - mLeft - mPaddingRight,
mScrollY + mBottom - mTop - mPaddingBottom);
}

// We will draw our child's animation, let's reset the flag
mPrivateFlags &= ~PFLAG_DRAW_ANIMATION;
mGroupFlags &= ~FLAG_INVALIDATE_REQUIRED;

boolean more = false;
final long drawingTime = getDrawingTime();//获得当前的绘画时间

if (usingRenderNodeProperties) canvas.insertReorderBarrier();
final int transientCount = mTransientIndices == null ? 0 : mTransientIndices.size();
int transientIndex = transientCount != 0 ? 0 : -1;
// Only use the preordered list if not HW accelerated, since the HW pipeline will do the
// draw reordering internally
final ArrayList<View> preorderedList = usingRenderNodeProperties
? null : buildOrderedChildList();
final boolean customOrder = preorderedList == null
&& isChildrenDrawingOrderEnabled();
for (int i = 0; i < childrenCount; i++) {
while (transientIndex >= 0 && mTransientIndices.get(transientIndex) == i) {
final View transientChild = mTransientViews.get(transientIndex);
if ((transientChild.mViewFlags & VISIBILITY_MASK) == VISIBLE ||
transientChild.getAnimation() != null) {
more |= drawChild(canvas, transientChild, drawingTime);//遍历Child,分发draw事件
}
transientIndex++;
if (transientIndex >= transientCount) {
transientIndex = -1;
}
}
int childIndex = customOrder ? getChildDrawingOrder(childrenCount, i) : i;
final View child = (preorderedList == null)
? children[childIndex] : preorderedList.get(childIndex);
if ((child.mViewFlags & VISIBILITY_MASK) == VISIBLE || child.getAnimation() != null) {
more |= drawChild(canvas, child, drawingTime);
}
}
while (transientIndex >= 0) {
// there may be additional transient views after the normal views
final View transientChild = mTransientViews.get(transientIndex);
if ((transientChild.mViewFlags & VISIBILITY_MASK) == VISIBLE ||
transientChild.getAnimation() != null) {
more |= drawChild(canvas, transientChild, drawingTime);
}
transientIndex++;
if (transientIndex >= transientCount) {
break;
}
}
if (preorderedList != null) preorderedList.clear();

// Draw any disappearing views that have animations
if (mDisappearingChildren != null) {
final ArrayList<View> disappearingChildren = mDisappearingChildren;
final int disappearingCount = disappearingChildren.size() - 1;
// Go backwards -- we may delete as animations finish
for (int i = disappearingCount; i >= 0; i--) {
final View child = disappearingChildren.get(i);
more |= drawChild(canvas, child, drawingTime);
}
}
if (usingRenderNodeProperties) canvas.insertInorderBarrier();

if (debugDraw()) {
onDebugDraw(canvas);
}

if (clipToPadding) {
canvas.restoreToCount(clipSaveCount);
}

// mGroupFlags might have been updated by drawChild()
flags = mGroupFlags;
//判断动画是否结束
if ((flags & FLAG_INVALIDATE_REQUIRED) == FLAG_INVALIDATE_REQUIRED) {
invalidate(true);
}

if ((flags & FLAG_ANIMATION_DONE) == 0 && (flags & FLAG_NOTIFY_ANIMATION_LISTENER) == 0 &&
mLayoutAnimationController.isDone() && !more) {
// We want to erase the drawing cache and notify the listener after the
// next frame is drawn because one extra invalidate() is caused by
// drawChild() after the animation is over
mGroupFlags |= FLAG_NOTIFY_ANIMATION_LISTENER;
final Runnable end = new Runnable() {
public void run() {
notifyAnimationListener();//通知动画结束监听者
}
};
post(end);
}
}

private void notifyAnimationListener() {
mGroupFlags &= ~FLAG_NOTIFY_ANIMATION_LISTENER;
mGroupFlags |= FLAG_ANIMATION_DONE;

if (mAnimationListener != null) {
final Runnable end = new Runnable() {
public void run() {
mAnimationListener.onAnimationEnd(mLayoutAnimationController.getAnimation());
}
};
post(end);
}

invalidate(true);
}

/**
* Draw one child of this View Group. This method is responsible for getting
* the canvas in the right state. This includes clipping, translating so
* that the child's scrolled origin is at 0, 0, and applying any animation
* transformations.
*
* @param canvas The canvas on which to draw the child
* @param child Who to draw
* @param drawingTime The time at which draw is occurring
* @return True if an invalidate() was issued
*/

protected boolean drawChild(Canvas canvas, View child, long drawingTime) {
return child.draw(canvas, this, drawingTime);
}
}

接下来看 View 的 draw(Canvas canvas, ViewGroup parent, long drawingTime) :

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public class View implements Drawable.Callback, KeyEvent.Callback, AccessibilityEventSource {
/**
* This method is called by ViewGroup.drawChild() to have each child view draw itself.
*
* This is where the View specializes rendering behavior based on layer type,
* and hardware acceleration.
*/

boolean draw(Canvas canvas, ViewGroup parent, long drawingTime) {
final boolean hardwareAcceleratedCanvas = canvas.isHardwareAccelerated();
/* If an attached view draws to a HW canvas, it may use its RenderNode + DisplayList.
*
* If a view is dettached, its DisplayList shouldn't exist. If the canvas isn't
* HW accelerated, it can't handle drawing RenderNodes.
*/

boolean drawingWithRenderNode = mAttachInfo != null
&& mAttachInfo.mHardwareAccelerated
&& hardwareAcceleratedCanvas;

boolean more = false;
final boolean childHasIdentityMatrix = hasIdentityMatrix();
final int parentFlags = parent.mGroupFlags;

if ((parentFlags & ViewGroup.FLAG_CLEAR_TRANSFORMATION) != 0) {
parent.getChildTransformation().clear();
parent.mGroupFlags &= ~ViewGroup.FLAG_CLEAR_TRANSFORMATION;
}

Transformation transformToApply = null;
boolean concatMatrix = false;
final boolean scalingRequired = mAttachInfo != null && mAttachInfo.mScalingRequired;
final Animation a = getAnimation();//得到动画
if (a != null) {
more = applyLegacyAnimation(parent, drawingTime, a, scalingRequired);
concatMatrix = a.willChangeTransformationMatrix();
if (concatMatrix) {
mPrivateFlags3 |= PFLAG3_VIEW_IS_ANIMATING_TRANSFORM;
}
transformToApply = parent.getChildTransformation();
} else {
if ((mPrivateFlags3 & PFLAG3_VIEW_IS_ANIMATING_TRANSFORM) != 0) {
// No longer animating: clear out old animation matrix
mRenderNode.setAnimationMatrix(null);
mPrivateFlags3 &= ~PFLAG3_VIEW_IS_ANIMATING_TRANSFORM;
}
if (!drawingWithRenderNode
&& (parentFlags & ViewGroup.FLAG_SUPPORT_STATIC_TRANSFORMATIONS) != 0) {
final Transformation t = parent.getChildTransformation();
final boolean hasTransform = parent.getChildStaticTransformation(this, t);
if (hasTransform) {
final int transformType = t.getTransformationType();
transformToApply = transformType != Transformation.TYPE_IDENTITY ? t : null;
concatMatrix = (transformType & Transformation.TYPE_MATRIX) != 0;
}
}
}

concatMatrix |= !childHasIdentityMatrix;

// Sets the flag as early as possible to allow draw() implementations
// to call invalidate() successfully when doing animations
mPrivateFlags |= PFLAG_DRAWN;

if (!concatMatrix &&
(parentFlags & (ViewGroup.FLAG_SUPPORT_STATIC_TRANSFORMATIONS |
ViewGroup.FLAG_CLIP_CHILDREN)) == ViewGroup.FLAG_CLIP_CHILDREN &&
canvas.quickReject(mLeft, mTop, mRight, mBottom, Canvas.EdgeType.BW) &&
(mPrivateFlags & PFLAG_DRAW_ANIMATION) == 0) {
mPrivateFlags2 |= PFLAG2_VIEW_QUICK_REJECTED;
return more;
}
mPrivateFlags2 &= ~PFLAG2_VIEW_QUICK_REJECTED;

if (hardwareAcceleratedCanvas) {
// Clear INVALIDATED flag to allow invalidation to occur during rendering, but
// retain the flag's value temporarily in the mRecreateDisplayList flag
mRecreateDisplayList = (mPrivateFlags & PFLAG_INVALIDATED) != 0;
mPrivateFlags &= ~PFLAG_INVALIDATED;
}

RenderNode renderNode = null;
Bitmap cache = null;
int layerType = getLayerType(); // TODO: signify cache state with just 'cache' local
if (layerType == LAYER_TYPE_SOFTWARE
|| (!drawingWithRenderNode && layerType != LAYER_TYPE_NONE)) {
// If not drawing with RenderNode, treat HW layers as SW
layerType = LAYER_TYPE_SOFTWARE;
buildDrawingCache(true);
cache = getDrawingCache(true);
}

if (drawingWithRenderNode) {
// Delay getting the display list until animation-driven alpha values are
// set up and possibly passed on to the view
renderNode = updateDisplayListIfDirty();
if (!renderNode.isValid()) {
// Uncommon, but possible. If a view is removed from the hierarchy during the call
// to getDisplayList(), the display list will be marked invalid and we should not
// try to use it again.
renderNode = null;
drawingWithRenderNode = false;
}
}

int sx = 0;
int sy = 0;
if (!drawingWithRenderNode) {
computeScroll();
sx = mScrollX;
sy = mScrollY;
}

final boolean drawingWithDrawingCache = cache != null && !drawingWithRenderNode;
final boolean offsetForScroll = cache == null && !drawingWithRenderNode;

int restoreTo = -1;
if (!drawingWithRenderNode || transformToApply != null) {
restoreTo = canvas.save();
}
if (offsetForScroll) {
canvas.translate(mLeft - sx, mTop - sy);
} else {
if (!drawingWithRenderNode) {
canvas.translate(mLeft, mTop);
}
if (scalingRequired) {
if (drawingWithRenderNode) {
// TODO: Might not need this if we put everything inside the DL
restoreTo = canvas.save();
}
// mAttachInfo cannot be null, otherwise scalingRequired == false
final float scale = 1.0f / mAttachInfo.mApplicationScale;
canvas.scale(scale, scale);
}
}

float alpha = drawingWithRenderNode ? 1 : (getAlpha() * getTransitionAlpha());
if (transformToApply != null
|| alpha < 1
|| !hasIdentityMatrix()
|| (mPrivateFlags3 & PFLAG3_VIEW_IS_ANIMATING_ALPHA) != 0) {
if (transformToApply != null || !childHasIdentityMatrix) {
int transX = 0;
int transY = 0;

if (offsetForScroll) {
transX = -sx;
transY = -sy;
}
//Animation真正实现效果的地方
if (transformToApply != null) {
if (concatMatrix) {
if (drawingWithRenderNode) {
renderNode.setAnimationMatrix(transformToApply.getMatrix());
} else {
// Undo the scroll translation, apply the transformation matrix,
// then redo the scroll translate to get the correct result.
canvas.translate(-transX, -transY);
canvas.concat(transformToApply.getMatrix());//矩阵变换
canvas.translate(transX, transY);
}
parent.mGroupFlags |= ViewGroup.FLAG_CLEAR_TRANSFORMATION;
}

float transformAlpha = transformToApply.getAlpha();
if (transformAlpha < 1) {
alpha *= transformAlpha;
parent.mGroupFlags |= ViewGroup.FLAG_CLEAR_TRANSFORMATION;
}
}

if (!childHasIdentityMatrix && !drawingWithRenderNode) {
canvas.translate(-transX, -transY);
canvas.concat(getMatrix());
canvas.translate(transX, transY);
}
}

// Deal with alpha if it is or used to be <1
if (alpha < 1 || (mPrivateFlags3 & PFLAG3_VIEW_IS_ANIMATING_ALPHA) != 0) {
if (alpha < 1) {
mPrivateFlags3 |= PFLAG3_VIEW_IS_ANIMATING_ALPHA;
} else {
mPrivateFlags3 &= ~PFLAG3_VIEW_IS_ANIMATING_ALPHA;
}
parent.mGroupFlags |= ViewGroup.FLAG_CLEAR_TRANSFORMATION;
if (!drawingWithDrawingCache) {
final int multipliedAlpha = (int) (255 * alpha);
if (!onSetAlpha(multipliedAlpha)) {
if (drawingWithRenderNode) {
renderNode.setAlpha(alpha * getAlpha() * getTransitionAlpha());
} else if (layerType == LAYER_TYPE_NONE) {
canvas.saveLayerAlpha(sx, sy, sx + getWidth(), sy + getHeight(),
multipliedAlpha);
}
} else {
// Alpha is handled by the child directly, clobber the layer's alpha
mPrivateFlags |= PFLAG_ALPHA_SET;
}
}
}
} else if ((mPrivateFlags & PFLAG_ALPHA_SET) == PFLAG_ALPHA_SET) {
onSetAlpha(255);
mPrivateFlags &= ~PFLAG_ALPHA_SET;
}

if (!drawingWithRenderNode) {
// apply clips directly, since RenderNode won't do it for this draw
if ((parentFlags & ViewGroup.FLAG_CLIP_CHILDREN) != 0 && cache == null) {
if (offsetForScroll) {
canvas.clipRect(sx, sy, sx + getWidth(), sy + getHeight());
} else {
if (!scalingRequired || cache == null) {
canvas.clipRect(0, 0, getWidth(), getHeight());
} else {
canvas.clipRect(0, 0, cache.getWidth(), cache.getHeight());
}
}
}

if (mClipBounds != null) {
// clip bounds ignore scroll
canvas.clipRect(mClipBounds);
}
}

if (!drawingWithDrawingCache) {
if (drawingWithRenderNode) {
mPrivateFlags &= ~PFLAG_DIRTY_MASK;
((DisplayListCanvas) canvas).drawRenderNode(renderNode);
} else {
// Fast path for layouts with no backgrounds
if ((mPrivateFlags & PFLAG_SKIP_DRAW) == PFLAG_SKIP_DRAW) {
mPrivateFlags &= ~PFLAG_DIRTY_MASK;
dispatchDraw(canvas);
} else {
draw(canvas);
}
}
} else if (cache != null) {
mPrivateFlags &= ~PFLAG_DIRTY_MASK;
if (layerType == LAYER_TYPE_NONE) {
// no layer paint, use temporary paint to draw bitmap
Paint cachePaint = parent.mCachePaint;
if (cachePaint == null) {
cachePaint = new Paint();
cachePaint.setDither(false);
parent.mCachePaint = cachePaint;
}
cachePaint.setAlpha((int) (alpha * 255));
canvas.drawBitmap(cache, 0.0f, 0.0f, cachePaint);
} else {
// use layer paint to draw the bitmap, merging the two alphas, but also restore
int layerPaintAlpha = mLayerPaint.getAlpha();
mLayerPaint.setAlpha((int) (alpha * layerPaintAlpha));
canvas.drawBitmap(cache, 0.0f, 0.0f, mLayerPaint);
mLayerPaint.setAlpha(layerPaintAlpha);
}
}

if (restoreTo >= 0) {
canvas.restoreToCount(restoreTo);
}

if (a != null && !more) {
if (!hardwareAcceleratedCanvas && !a.getFillAfter()) {
onSetAlpha(255);
}
parent.finishAnimatingView(this, a);
}

if (more && hardwareAcceleratedCanvas) {
if (a.hasAlpha() && (mPrivateFlags & PFLAG_ALPHA_SET) == PFLAG_ALPHA_SET) {
// alpha animations should cause the child to recreate its display list
invalidate(true);
}
}

mRecreateDisplayList = false;

return more;
}

/**
* Utility function, called by draw(canvas, parent, drawingTime) to handle the less common
* case of an active Animation being run on the view.
*/

private boolean applyLegacyAnimation(ViewGroup parent, long drawingTime,
Animation a, boolean scalingRequired)
{

Transformation invalidationTransform;
final int flags = parent.mGroupFlags;
final boolean initialized = a.isInitialized();
if (!initialized) {
a.initialize(mRight - mLeft, mBottom - mTop, parent.getWidth(), parent.getHeight());
a.initializeInvalidateRegion(0, 0, mRight - mLeft, mBottom - mTop);
if (mAttachInfo != null) a.setListenerHandler(mAttachInfo.mHandler);
onAnimationStart();
}

final Transformation t = parent.getChildTransformation();
boolean more = a.getTransformation(drawingTime, t, 1f);
if (scalingRequired && mAttachInfo.mApplicationScale != 1f) {
if (parent.mInvalidationTransformation == null) {
parent.mInvalidationTransformation = new Transformation();
}
invalidationTransform = parent.mInvalidationTransformation;
a.getTransformation(drawingTime, invalidationTransform, 1f);//回调Animation的applyTransformation方法
} else {
invalidationTransform = t;
}

if (more) {
if (!a.willChangeBounds()) {
if ((flags & (ViewGroup.FLAG_OPTIMIZE_INVALIDATE | ViewGroup.FLAG_ANIMATION_DONE)) ==
ViewGroup.FLAG_OPTIMIZE_INVALIDATE) {
parent.mGroupFlags |= ViewGroup.FLAG_INVALIDATE_REQUIRED;
} else if ((flags & ViewGroup.FLAG_INVALIDATE_REQUIRED) == 0) {
// The child need to draw an animation, potentially offscreen, so
// make sure we do not cancel invalidate requests
parent.mPrivateFlags |= PFLAG_DRAW_ANIMATION;
parent.invalidate(mLeft, mTop, mRight, mBottom);
}
} else {
if (parent.mInvalidateRegion == null) {
parent.mInvalidateRegion = new RectF();
}
final RectF region = parent.mInvalidateRegion;
a.getInvalidateRegion(0, 0, mRight - mLeft, mBottom - mTop, region,
invalidationTransform);

// The child need to draw an animation, potentially offscreen, so
// make sure we do not cancel invalidate requests
parent.mPrivateFlags |= PFLAG_DRAW_ANIMATION;

final int left = mLeft + (int) region.left;
final int top = mTop + (int) region.top;
parent.invalidate(left, top, left + (int) (region.width() + .5f),
top + (int) (region.height() + .5f));
}
}
return more;
}
}

流程总结

  1. View#startAnimation 调用 View#invalidate()
  2. View#invalidate() 调用 ViewGroup#invalidateChild()
  3. ViewGroup#invalidateChild() 调用 ViewRootImpl#invalidateChildInParent()
  4. ViewRootImpl#invalidateChildInParent() 调用 ViewRootImpl#scheduleTraversals()
  5. ViewRootImpl#scheduleTraversals() 调用 Choreographer#postCallback(Runnable)
  6. Choreographer 等待 SYNC 信号,调用 Runnable 的 run 方法,执行 ViewRootImpl#performTraversals()
  7. 经过一系列传递,来到 View#draw(cavas, viewGroup, drawingTime)
  8. View#draw(cavas, viewGroup, drawingTime) 调用 View#applyLegacyAniamtion()
  9. View#applyLegacyAniamtion() 调用 Animation#getTransFormation(),回调 Animation#applyTransFormation()
  10. View#draw(cavas, viewGroup, drawingTime) 通过 Matrix 实现了动画
  11. View#applyLegacyAniamtion() 返回 true, 继续执行 View#invalidate(),回到了第二步

Animator

从 ObjectAnimator 开始分析:

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public final class ObjectAnimator extends ValueAnimator {
public static ObjectAnimator ofInt(Object target, String propertyName, int... values) {
ObjectAnimator anim = new ObjectAnimator(target, propertyName);
anim.setIntValues(values);
return anim;
}

private ObjectAnimator(Object target, String propertyName) {
setTarget(target);
setPropertyName(propertyName);
}

private WeakReference<Object> mTarget;

@Override
public void setTarget(@Nullable Object target) {
final Object oldTarget = getTarget();
if (oldTarget != target) {
if (isStarted()) {
cancel();
}
mTarget = target == null ? null : new WeakReference<Object>(target);
// New target should cause re-initialization prior to starting
mInitialized = false;
}
}

PropertyValuesHolder[] mValues;
HashMap<String, PropertyValuesHolder> mValuesMap;
private String mPropertyName;
boolean mInitialized = false;

public void setPropertyName(@NonNull String propertyName) {
// mValues could be null if this is being constructed piecemeal. Just record the
// propertyName to be used later when setValues() is called if so.
if (mValues != null) {
PropertyValuesHolder valuesHolder = mValues[0];
String oldName = valuesHolder.getPropertyName();
valuesHolder.setPropertyName(propertyName);
mValuesMap.remove(oldName);
mValuesMap.put(propertyName, valuesHolder);
}
mPropertyName = propertyName;
// New property/values/target should cause re-initialization prior to starting
mInitialized = false;
}

@Override
public void setIntValues(int... values) {
if (mValues == null || mValues.length == 0) {
// No values yet - this animator is being constructed piecemeal. Init the values with
// whatever the current propertyName is
if (mProperty != null) {
setValues(PropertyValuesHolder.ofInt(mProperty, values));
} else {
setValues(PropertyValuesHolder.ofInt(mPropertyName, values));
}
} else {
super.setIntValues(values);
}
}
}

将 target 保存,是要操作的对象,通过 PropertyValuesHolder 和 mPropertyName 存储 propertyName ,是要操作的属性,调用 start() 方法开始动画:

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public final class ObjectAnimator extends ValueAnimator {
protected static ThreadLocal<AnimationHandler> sAnimationHandler =
new ThreadLocal<AnimationHandler>();
@Override
public void start() {
// See if any of the current active/pending animators need to be canceled
AnimationHandler handler = sAnimationHandler.get();
if (handler != null) {
int numAnims = handler.mAnimations.size();
for (int i = numAnims - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
if (handler.mAnimations.get(i) instanceof ObjectAnimator) {
ObjectAnimator anim = (ObjectAnimator) handler.mAnimations.get(i);
if (anim.mAutoCancel && hasSameTargetAndProperties(anim)) {
anim.cancel();
}
}
}
numAnims = handler.mPendingAnimations.size();
for (int i = numAnims - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
if (handler.mPendingAnimations.get(i) instanceof ObjectAnimator) {
ObjectAnimator anim = (ObjectAnimator) handler.mPendingAnimations.get(i);
if (anim.mAutoCancel && hasSameTargetAndProperties(anim)) {
anim.cancel();
}
}
}
numAnims = handler.mDelayedAnims.size();
for (int i = numAnims - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
if (handler.mDelayedAnims.get(i) instanceof ObjectAnimator) {
ObjectAnimator anim = (ObjectAnimator) handler.mDelayedAnims.get(i);
if (anim.mAutoCancel && hasSameTargetAndProperties(anim)) {
anim.cancel();
}
}
}
}
if (DBG) {
Log.d(LOG_TAG, "Anim target, duration: " + getTarget() + ", " + getDuration());
for (int i = 0; i < mValues.length; ++i) {
PropertyValuesHolder pvh = mValues[i];
Log.d(LOG_TAG, " Values[" + i + "]: " +
pvh.getPropertyName() + ", " + pvh.mKeyframes.getValue(0) + ", " +
pvh.mKeyframes.getValue(1));
}
}
super.start();
}
}

public class ValueAnimator extends Animator {

@Override
public void start() {
start(false);
}

private void start(boolean playBackwards) {
if (Looper.myLooper() == null) {
throw new AndroidRuntimeException("Animators may only be run on Looper threads");
}
mReversing = playBackwards;
mPlayingBackwards = playBackwards;
if (playBackwards && mSeekFraction != -1) {
if (mSeekFraction == 0 && mCurrentIteration == 0) {
// special case: reversing from seek-to-0 should act as if not seeked at all
mSeekFraction = 0;
} else if (mRepeatCount == INFINITE) {
mSeekFraction = 1 - (mSeekFraction % 1);
} else {
mSeekFraction = 1 + mRepeatCount - (mCurrentIteration + mSeekFraction);
}
mCurrentIteration = (int) mSeekFraction;
mSeekFraction = mSeekFraction % 1;
}
if (mCurrentIteration > 0 && mRepeatMode == REVERSE &&
(mCurrentIteration < (mRepeatCount + 1) || mRepeatCount == INFINITE)) {
// if we were seeked to some other iteration in a reversing animator,
// figure out the correct direction to start playing based on the iteration
if (playBackwards) {
mPlayingBackwards = (mCurrentIteration % 2) == 0;
} else {
mPlayingBackwards = (mCurrentIteration % 2) != 0;
}
}
int prevPlayingState = mPlayingState;
mPlayingState = STOPPED;
mStarted = true;
mStartedDelay = false;
mPaused = false;
updateScaledDuration(); // in case the scale factor has changed since creation time
AnimationHandler animationHandler = getOrCreateAnimationHandler();
animationHandler.mPendingAnimations.add(this);
if (mStartDelay == 0) {
// This sets the initial value of the animation, prior to actually starting it running
if (prevPlayingState != SEEKED) {
setCurrentPlayTime(0);
}
mPlayingState = STOPPED;
mRunning = true;
notifyStartListeners();//动画开始的回调
}
animationHandler.start();//最终调用的是AnimationHandler的start()方法
}
protected static class AnimationHandler {
private AnimationHandler() {
mChoreographer = Choreographer.getInstance();//还是Choreographer
}

public void start() {
scheduleAnimation();
}

private void scheduleAnimation() {
if (!mAnimationScheduled) {
mChoreographer.postCallback(Choreographer.CALLBACK_ANIMATION, mAnimate, null);
mAnimationScheduled = true;
}
}

// Called by the Choreographer.
final Runnable mAnimate = new Runnable() {
@Override
public void run() {
mAnimationScheduled = false;
doAnimationFrame(mChoreographer.getFrameTime());
}
};

void doAnimationFrame(long frameTime) {
mLastFrameTime = frameTime;

// mPendingAnimations holds any animations that have requested to be started
// We're going to clear mPendingAnimations, but starting animation may
// cause more to be added to the pending list (for example, if one animation
// starting triggers another starting). So we loop until mPendingAnimations
// is empty.
while (mPendingAnimations.size() > 0) {
ArrayList<ValueAnimator> pendingCopy =
(ArrayList<ValueAnimator>) mPendingAnimations.clone();
mPendingAnimations.clear();
int count = pendingCopy.size();
for (int i = 0; i < count; ++i) {
ValueAnimator anim = pendingCopy.get(i);
// If the animation has a startDelay, place it on the delayed list
if (anim.mStartDelay == 0) {
anim.startAnimation(this);
} else {
mDelayedAnims.add(anim);
}
}
}

// Next, process animations currently sitting on the delayed queue, adding
// them to the active animations if they are ready
int numDelayedAnims = mDelayedAnims.size();
for (int i = 0; i < numDelayedAnims; ++i) {
ValueAnimator anim = mDelayedAnims.get(i);
if (anim.delayedAnimationFrame(frameTime)) {
mReadyAnims.add(anim);
}
}
int numReadyAnims = mReadyAnims.size();
if (numReadyAnims > 0) {
for (int i = 0; i < numReadyAnims; ++i) {
ValueAnimator anim = mReadyAnims.get(i);
anim.startAnimation(this);
anim.mRunning = true;
mDelayedAnims.remove(anim);
}
mReadyAnims.clear();
}

// Now process all active animations. The return value from animationFrame()
// tells the handler whether it should now be ended
int numAnims = mAnimations.size();
for (int i = 0; i < numAnims; ++i) {
mTmpAnimations.add(mAnimations.get(i));
}
for (int i = 0; i < numAnims; ++i) {
ValueAnimator anim = mTmpAnimations.get(i);
if (mAnimations.contains(anim) && anim.doAnimationFrame(frameTime)) {
mEndingAnims.add(anim);
}
}
mTmpAnimations.clear();
if (mEndingAnims.size() > 0) {
for (int i = 0; i < mEndingAnims.size(); ++i) {
mEndingAnims.get(i).endAnimation(this);
}
mEndingAnims.clear();
}

// Schedule final commit for the frame.
mChoreographer.postCallback(Choreographer.CALLBACK_COMMIT, mCommit, null);

// If there are still active or delayed animations, schedule a future call to
// onAnimate to process the next frame of the animations.
if (!mAnimations.isEmpty() || !mDelayedAnims.isEmpty()) {//动画没有完的话
scheduleAnimation();
}
}
}
}

通过调用 start() 方法,最终执行的是 AnimationHandler#start() 方法,该方法也是通过 Choreographer.postCallback 去执行,回调 mAnimate 这个 Runnable,执行 doAnimationFrame() 方法,调用ValueAnimator#doAnimationFrame(),如果动画没有结束的话,继续调用scheduleAnimation()` 。

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public class ValueAnimator extends Animator {
/**
* Processes a frame of the animation, adjusting the start time if needed.
*
* @param frameTime The frame time.
* @return true if the animation has ended.
*/

final boolean doAnimationFrame(long frameTime) {
if (mPlayingState == STOPPED) {
mPlayingState = RUNNING;
if (mSeekFraction < 0) {
mStartTime = frameTime;
} else {
long seekTime = (long) (mDuration * mSeekFraction);
mStartTime = frameTime - seekTime;
mSeekFraction = -1;
}
mStartTimeCommitted = false; // allow start time to be compensated for jank
}
if (mPaused) {
if (mPauseTime < 0) {
mPauseTime = frameTime;
}
return false;
} else if (mResumed) {
mResumed = false;
if (mPauseTime > 0) {
// Offset by the duration that the animation was paused
mStartTime += (frameTime - mPauseTime);
mStartTimeCommitted = false; // allow start time to be compensated for jank
}
}
// The frame time might be before the start time during the first frame of
// an animation. The "current time" must always be on or after the start
// time to avoid animating frames at negative time intervals. In practice, this
// is very rare and only happens when seeking backwards.
final long currentTime = Math.max(frameTime, mStartTime);
return animationFrame(currentTime);
}

boolean animationFrame(long currentTime) {
boolean done = false;
switch (mPlayingState) {
case RUNNING:
case SEEKED:
float fraction = mDuration > 0 ? (float)(currentTime - mStartTime) / mDuration : 1f;
if (mDuration == 0 && mRepeatCount != INFINITE) {
// Skip to the end
mCurrentIteration = mRepeatCount;
if (!mReversing) {
mPlayingBackwards = false;
}
}
if (fraction >= 1f) {
if (mCurrentIteration < mRepeatCount || mRepeatCount == INFINITE) {
// Time to repeat
if (mListeners != null) {
int numListeners = mListeners.size();
for (int i = 0; i < numListeners; ++i) {
mListeners.get(i).onAnimationRepeat(this);
}
}
if (mRepeatMode == REVERSE) {
mPlayingBackwards = !mPlayingBackwards;
}
mCurrentIteration += (int) fraction;
fraction = fraction % 1f;
mStartTime += mDuration;
// Note: We do not need to update the value of mStartTimeCommitted here
// since we just added a duration offset.
} else {
done = true;
fraction = Math.min(fraction, 1.0f);
}
}
if (mPlayingBackwards) {
fraction = 1f - fraction;
}
animateValue(fraction);
break;
}

return done;
}

void animateValue(float fraction) {
fraction = mInterpolator.getInterpolation(fraction);//通过插值器拿到数
mCurrentFraction = fraction;
int numValues = mValues.length;
for (int i = 0; i < numValues; ++i) {
mValues[i].calculateValue(fraction);
}
if (mUpdateListeners != null) {
int numListeners = mUpdateListeners.size();
for (int i = 0; i < numListeners; ++i) {
mUpdateListeners.get(i).onAnimationUpdate(this);//回调动画的listener
}
}
}
}

public final class ObjectAnimator extends ValueAnimator {
@Override
void animateValue(float fraction) {
final Object target = getTarget();
if (mTarget != null && target == null) {
// We lost the target reference, cancel and clean up.
cancel();
return;
}

super.animateValue(fraction);
int numValues = mValues.length;
for (int i = 0; i < numValues; ++i) {
mValues[i].setAnimatedValue(target);
}
}
}

这里主要就是 setAnimatedValue(target) 来执行动画效果:

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public class PropertyValuesHolder implements Cloneable {
static class IntPropertyValuesHolder extends PropertyValuesHolder {
@Override
void setAnimatedValue(Object target) {
if (mIntProperty != null) {
mIntProperty.setValue(target, mIntAnimatedValue);
return;
}
if (mProperty != null) {
mProperty.set(target, mIntAnimatedValue);
return;
}
if (mJniSetter != 0) {
nCallIntMethod(target, mJniSetter, mIntAnimatedValue);
return;
}
if (mSetter != null) {
try {
mTmpValueArray[0] = mIntAnimatedValue;
mSetter.invoke(target, mTmpValueArray);//反射改变属性
} catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
Log.e("PropertyValuesHolder", e.toString());
} catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
Log.e("PropertyValuesHolder", e.toString());
}
}
}
}
}

流程总结

  1. ObjectAnimator#ofInt() 设置 target,propName 和 value(PropertyValuesHolder)
  2. 调用 start() 方法,最终执行的是 AnimationHandler#start()
  3. AnimationHandler#start() 会调用 AnimationHandler#scheduleAnimation()
  4. AnimationHandler#scheduleAnimation() 调用 Choreographer ,执行 Runnable 的 run 方法,调用 AnimationHandler#doAnimationFrame()
  5. AnimationHandler#doAnimationFrame() 调用 ObjectAnimator#doAnimationFrame()
  6. 如果动画没有结束,AnimationHandler#doAnimationFrame() 继续调用 AnimationHandler#scheduleAnimation() ,回到第四步
  7. ObjectAnimator#doAnimationFrame() 调用 ObjectAnimator#animationFrame()
  8. ObjectAnimator#animationFrame() 调用 PropertyValuesHolder#setAnimatedValue()
  9. PropertyValuesHolder#setAnimatedValue() 通过反射改变对应 propName 的值